Article reviews will generally have a distinctive structure as outlined below:
Each section will have particular information in it. Read the assessment task very carefully to see if
all of these sections are required and what exactly is expected in your particular review.
Introduction (about 10% of your word length)
The introduction will have a sentence that introduces the title of the article or book, the year
it was published and the name of the author (the bibliographic details).
You will also need to outline the central themes of the article and what point of view the
You may also wish to give your overall impression of the article, remembering to write in
formal academic English i.e. this may mean avoiding personal statements like ‘I believe
Body (about 80% of your word length)
The body of an article review will generally have two parts to it: (a) the summary and (b) the
critique. The relative word lengths for each of these sections can vary from assessment to
assessment, so you must read your course information details carefully.
In sentences and paragraphs, summarise the main points of the article in the same order
the writer uses.
Omit any descriptive details such as statistics and examples. Stick to the main points.
Avoid using the same word combinations that the author uses. Write the main points in your
If writing in your own words, summarising or paraphrasing, you do not need to identify the
author as you normally would when writing an essay.
If you use quotations from the article, use quotation marks to make this clear.
This is where you are expected to provide some critical response to the article. A critical response
can include both positive and negative statements. This can be done using some of the following
What is the main point or argument in the article?
What is the writer’s perspective or theoretical position?
Are the writer’s ideas similar or different to those of other writers?
Do the writer’s ideas help or hinder their argument?
Is the writer biased in any way?
Is the writer qualified to write in this area?
Do you agree with the writer’s ideas? Why? Why not?
Is the text easy to understand or written in a very complicated way, with gaps in its
definitions and/or methodology?
How does the writer use other sources?
Does the writer simplify complex ideas or make simple concepts difficult to grasp?
Would you recommend this article to someone else interested in this subject?
Conclusion (about 10% of your word length)
Briefly sum up the article.
Make some statement on the overall usefulness of the article on the topic
e.g. who would or would not find it of interest and why?
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