ECO 372 Final Exam

Question 1) The largest source of household income in the U.S. is obtained from 2) The market where business sell goods and services to households and the government is called the 3) Real gross domestic product is best defined as 4) Underemployment includes people 5) The Bureau of Economic Analysis is responsible for which of the following? 6) The Federal Reserve provides which of the following data? 7) Consider if the government instituted a 10 percent income tax surcharge. In terms of the AS/AD model this change should have 8) If the depreciation of a country’s currency increases its aggregate expenditures by 20 the AD curve will 9) Aggregate demand management policies are designed most directly to 10) Suppose that consumer spending is expected to decrease in the near future. If output is at potential output which of the following policies is most appropriate according to the AS/AD model? 11) According to Keynes market economies 12) The laissez-faire policy prescription to eliminate unemployment was to 13) In the AS/AD model an expansionary monetary policy has the greatest effect on the price level when it 14) The Federal funds rate 15) What tool of monetary policy will the Federal Reserve use to increase the federal funds rate from 1% to 1.25%? 16) If the Federal Reserve increases the required reserves financial institutions will likely lend out 17) Suppose the money multiplier in the U.S. is 3. Suppose further that if the Federal Reserve changes the discount rate by 1 percentage point banks change their reserves by 300. To increase the money supply by 2700 the Federal Reserve should 18) If the Federal Reserve reduced its reserve requirement from 6.5 percent to 5 percent. This policy would most likely 19) A country can have a trade deficit as long as it can 20) A weaker dollar 21) In the short run a trade deficit allows more consumption but in the long run a trade deficit is a problem because 22) Considering an economy with a current trade deficit and considering only the direct effect on income an expansionary monetary policy tends to 23) The balance of trade measures the 24) When a country runs a trade deficit it does so by:25) Expansionary fiscal policy tends to 26) In considering the net effect of expansionary fiscal policy on the trade deficit the 27) If U.S. interest rates fall relative to Japanese interest rates and Japanese inflation falls relative to U.S. inflation then the 28) Expansionary monetary policy tends to 29) The U.S. has limits on Chinese textile imports. Such limits are an example of 30) Duties imposed by the U.S. government on imported Chinese frozen and canned shrimp are an example of

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