Question GED 130 Introduction to Civilization Final Examination 26) The earliest known writing samples were concerned primarily with: A) the activities of royalty. B) commerce. C) law codes. D) religious practices. 27) In ancient Egypt: A) most pyramids were located near the fi fth cataract. B) Nubia was to the south. C) the Red Sea was to the north. D) Upper Egypt was to the north. 28) Horus: A) was the father of Osiris. B) represented the southern portion of Egypt. C) ruled the underworld. D) became the main god of the pharaohs. 29) Akhetaten: A) was the site of worship of the sun god Aten. B) was built by the pharaoh Ramses II. C) was used as a capital for nearly 800 years. D) is considered the best representative of the typical Egyptian city of its day. 30) The art and craftwork of the Indus Valley indicates: A) they were a nomadic people. B) that the civilization was not very well developed. C) they did not possess metallurgical skills. D) they participated in active interregional trade. 31) The settlements of Harrapa and Mohenjo-Daro could each accommodate: A) about 10000 residents. B) about 40000 residents. C) about 2500 residents. D) about 25000 residents. GED 130 Introduciton to Civilization Final Examination 32) Which of the following is NOT one of the four legacies of Harappa described in the text? A) Aryan invaders nearly completely destroyed the Indus valley civilization. B) Aryan invaders adopted some of the Indus valley agricultural techniques. C) Aryan invaders adopted some of the settlement characteristics of the Indus valley civilization. D) Aryan invaders may have adopted some religious ideas of the Indus valley civilization. 33) The Indus valley civilization: A) made little use of agricultural practices. B) built numerous temples and palaces. C) began around 7000 B.C.E. D) reached its apex around 1000 B.C.E. 34) Neolithic groups in China began the transition from hunting and gathering to farming and village life as early as: A) 1700 B.C.E. B) 8000 B.C.E. C) 9000 B.C.E. D) 2700 B.C.E. 35) Chinese oracle bones: A) were usually made from human bones. B) first came to the attention of scientists after they were found at excavation sites. C) have been useful to archaeologists anthropologists and historians for at least three centuries. D) have provided useful information about the rulers of the Shang dynasty. 36) The Xia dynasty: A) was ruled by a single king who controlled all the powers of the state. B) did not leave any significant archaeological sites so little is known about it. C) had rulers that engaged in rituals and divinations. D) apparently did not make pottery. GED 130 Introduction to Civilization Final Examination 37) Anyang: A) is one of the most extensively investigated archaeological sites in China. B) was the last capital of the Zhou dynasty. C) was the center of a small empire about 30 miles in diameter. D) was mentioned in Shang texts though it was referred to by a different name. 38) Early urbanization in South America: A) was spurred by the high volume of trade with Mesoamerica. B) followed a much different path than that typical in Mesoamerica. C) was not significant until about 500 C.E. D) centered on religious shrines. 39) The Inca empire: A) forbade any use of the religion or culture of its predecessor states. B) practiced monotheism. C) lasted for nearly 1000 years. D) built an extensive network of roads and paths. 40) The Popol Vuh contains the creation myth of the: A) Roman Catholic conquistadores from Spain. B) the Aztec civilization. C) the Inca civilization. D) the Mayan civilization. 41) Which of the following Central American civilizations was the first to develop sophisticated astronomy? A) Mayan B) Olmec C) Teotihu D) Aztec 42) Of the following African cities which one is NOT believed to have followed a development pattern introduced from other cultures? A) Kush B) Aksum C) Jenne-Jeno D) Malindi GED 130 Introduciton to Civilization Final Examination 43) Jenne-Jeno: A) was founded around 250 B.C.E. B) was a settlement on the Yellow River. C) did not appear to engage in trade. D) was first excavated in the early twentieth century. 44) Imperial dominance: A) requires the use of sheer power to enforce rule. B) is another term for imperial hegemony. C) has little effect on the likelihood of revolt by subjugated peoples. D) exists when rulers make no attempt to gain the allegiance of conquered peoples. 45) The Hittite empire was centered: A) on the upper Nile. B) in Anatolia. C) in Palestine. D) in Mesopotamia. 46) Which of the following was at different times controlled by the Hittites and by the Mitanni? A) Harran B) Tarsus C) Babylon D) Nineveh 47) The Greek city-state: A) typically had populations exceeding 100000. B) was kept small by wars with the Persian empire. C) usually centered on a single city. D) had political powers analogous to that of a state within the United States. 48) The Persian Empire: A) reached its greatest geographical extent under Cyrus the Great. B) easily conquered the Scythians. C) failed to defeat Greece at the battle of Marathon. D) maintained itself through a balance of power among the major Middle East states. GED 130 Introduction to Civilization Final Examination 49) Which of the following events occurred first? A) the Battle of Marathon B) the 2nd Peloponnesian War C) the construction of the Acropolis D) the burning of Persepolis 50) Alexander the Great: A) never managed to conquer Egypt. B) saw his empire slowly disintegrate during the last years of his life. C) forced conquered peoples to worship Greek gods and goddesses. D) typically ruled through local hierarchies.
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