Personality Theories


From Chapter 10, 11, and 12 of Personality Theories 9th edition Engler,B.(2014)

1.Murray stated: “There is no personality characteristic that is not possessed and manifested at least occasionally, to a slight extent, by everyone.”
To what extent do you agree?

Can you come up with exceptions? If you need help, think of the saintliest person you know and the cruelest person you know and then answer the question.

If you agree, what does this imply about the differences between people, particularly those considered “abnormal” and those considered “normal”? In other words, what separates normal and abnormal, or sane and insane, or criminal and non-criminal minds?

2. Look at Figure 10.1, which is an actual TAT card. Imagine how people with various personality characteristics might respond to the card.

For example, what kind of story might an extremely paranoid person create in response to the card? Or a very optimistic person? Or a very domineering person? Or a very shy person? Or a very outgoing person? Of course, other strong personality traits can be used as well but come up with at least 5 examples.

What is your opinion about how well the TAT assesses personality?

Would you trust it to accurately assess your own personality

3. As the textbook reports, the Personality Profiles of Cultures Project concluded that the FFM is common to all groups, which suggests a biological basis for all human personality.

Is your experience with members of various cultural groups consistent with this conclusion?

Particularly, have you spent significant amounts of time in a drastically different culture—perhaps living in a different country (or different part of this country), or spending a semester abroad, or vacationing.

Having been immersed in more than one culture at various times in your lives, do you agree that all human beings share the same personality traits? If so, are those traits the ones identified by the FFM?

4. Generate a list of 5 ways in which a person’s body type might change drastically enough to merit a recategorization among the endomorph, ectomorph, and mesomorph categories. You may produce such examples as body building, excessive aerobic exercise, excessive inactivity, illness, or surgery.

Next, describe the extent personality changes would correlate with such physical changes. Would the changes be consistent with Sheldon’s predictions? What role do social factors such as stereotypes and self-fulfilling prophecies play?

5. The textbook explains that psychotherapy “rewires” the brain. In other words, “talk therapy” can result in measurable neurobiological changes.

Do you think that psychopharmacology similarly changes the brain?

If you agree that both psychotherapy and psychopharmacology “rewire” the brain, describe the pros and cons of each method of change using the following specific: a depressed client, an anxious client, or a schizophrenic client can serve as the focus of the discussion. Clients with any of these problems might benefit from therapy or medication that changes their brain functioning; your response to his question should weigh the relative advantages of each.

Hans Eysenck on Race and IQ – Part 1 of 2
Hans Eysenck on Race and IQ – Part 2
Hans J. Eysenck, Ph.D. Lifetalk with Roberta Russell on Psychoanalysis

6.Viewing the 3 videos of Hans Eysenck (above) describe your thoughts/opinions on his work in a brief paragraph.


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