Stress Effects on the Excretory and Reproductive Systems

Question Now that you have reviewed the anatomy and physiology of reproduction let’s continue to investigate the influence of the stress response on human reproductive function. We will begin by investigating the interactions between hormones responsible for regulating female reproductive cycles and the stress hormones. First read some background on stress and reproduction in the article “Stress puts double whammy on reproductive system” By Robert Sanders UC Berkeley News. 15 June 2009. Next read the review by Kalantaridou N.S. et al. Stress and the female reproductive system. Journal of Reproductive Immunology. 2004.62:61–68 and address the following questions in paragraph format: What term is used in this article to describe the regulatory axis of the reproductive system? What is the principle regulatory hormone for this axis? What effects does the HPA axis have on the female reproductive system? What two hormones are described in this article and what are the general effects of these hormones on female reproductive organs? Which female reproductive organs normally respond to CRH? What effect does this hormone have on these organs? What is the role of this hormonal signal in regulating reproduction? Use Table 2 and do a little outside research to look up any unfamiliar terms. Recall the information that you have reviewed in previous modules about unregulated cortisol and stress hormone release on the other systems of the body. What are the implications of dysregulation of CRH and glucocorticoids for human reproduction? Describe the physiological and psychological effects that these hormones can have relative to female reproduction. Assignment Expectations Organize this assignment by answering the questions above in four paragraphs that align with the numbering above. Answer each question using complete sentences that relate back to the question. Be sure to include a references section at the end of your assignment that lists the websites and articles used above and any additional resources you used to research your answers. Follow the format provided in the Background page. Review the tutorials and links on your Home page to better develop the foundation you will need to complete this final SLP assignment. Do a Google search of labeled images of the kidneys and the nephron. Develop a 10-slide PowerPoint presentation that addresses the following questions regarding the stress response and kidney function: Slides 1–3: Provide an overview of kidney structure and function. Note where osmosis and ion secretion take place and how this contributes to water and BP regulation. Slides 4–7: How do the kidneys regulate BP? What stress hormone(s) are involved? What situation(s) cause(s) this signaling pathway? Slides 8 and 9: How do the kidneys respond to dehydration? Do a little research on the effect of caffeine on the kidney. Where in the physiology of the nephron does caffeine interfere with normal regulation of water balance? Slide 10: References cited. SLP Assignment Expectations For this SLP assignment you will develop a PowerPoint presentation that is approximately 10 slides in length and addresses the requirements outlined above. Place the text containing the answers to the questions above in the Notes section of your slide presentation. Reference all of your answers in your Notes sections with citations such as (Murray 2014). Your slides should contain labeled images that illustrate the text that you included in your Notes sections. Provide the website or reference used for each labeled image. Be sure your last slide is a references slide that contains the full references cited on your slides. Many resources are provided for you. Include these in your references section. This assignment should not require much independent research.

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